Political Philosophy

Political Philosophy

Lectures: 30

Seminars: 0

Tutorials: 30

ECTS credit: 4

Lecturer(s): asist. dr. Kravanja Aljoša, viš. znan. sod. dr. Hajdini Simon

- Introduction: the concept of political with ancient Greeks, the Greek polis and the concept of the Constitution, the Athenian democracy.
- Plato's The State : a search for a definition of justice, arrangements of ideal state.
- Aristotle's political thought: man as a political being; economics and interpretation of slavery, the emergence of the polis; theory of constitutions, the definition of political science; eudaimonia, theory of justice.
- Hellenism and political ideas of early Christianity: the concept of natural law; Stoic cosmopolitanism and universalism of St.Paul
- Roman Republican system: basic concepts of Roman law.
- The Middle Ages: Thomas Aquinas and reconceptualisation of natural law.
- Machiavelli: a new theory of man and government.
- The Reformation: Luther's ethics and its impact, Locke and the idea of tolerance.
- Theories and concepts of social contract and original position: Hobbes, Spinoza, Locke, Rousseau, Kant.
- Declaration on human rights: universalism, egalitarianism, private and public, civil society.
- Moral and political ideologies of the modern age: liberalism, nationalism, utilitarianism, Marxism, totalitarianism, feminism, democrasism, racism.
- Conceptual dilemmas of democracy: the dictatorship of the majority, pluralism of values and civic egalitarianism, sovereignty and globalization.